Formatting and reference guides

Here you find information about Hanken's referencing and formatting guides.

Formatting guide

Hanken uses a formatting guide when it comes to academic papers and thesis.

The formatting guide, even if it uses Mircosoft Word as its template, gives a general conception on how writing programs work and this skill can be applied also to other writing programs. The formatting guide instructs you how to put your dissertations and other academic assignments in Hanken standard format. The guide also helps you use specific functions of Word programs.

Reference guides

Hanken reference guide is intended for students writing theses and other written assignments at Hanken. The guide follows the Harvard system for reference technique.

See this Libguide for information about referencing management software.

Down the page under Referencing Tools, you find links to Harvard, APA and Oxford reference guides and information on training sessions in Mendeley. There are also instructions on how to recognize and avoid plagiarism.

Which referencing style should I use?

The Harvard style (and APA) are the most commonly used referencing styles at Hanken, but at some departments the Oxford style is preferred. Whether unsure, ask your teacher or supervisor which style you should use. The guides and tutorials on this page will help you get the referencing right.

Reference Management Software

By using a reference management software, you can create your own database and get the list of references as output. Hanken's library supports the use of Mendeley. If you need help with referencing or Mendeley, join a training session, contact the library through or book your personal appointment through the library's booking calendar.

Reference guides

Harvard system Anglia Ruskin University
The Harvard system of referencing De Montfort University

APA-style American Psychological Association

Oxford system Oxford University



Hanken's action plan against academic dishonesty

Avoid plagiarism - test your referencing skills by using the tutorials below:

Refero - an anti-plagiarism tutorial Blekinge Institute of Technology Library and Linnaeus University Library
Stop plagiarism The University of Southern Denmark


Sarah Hagström
+358 (0)40 3521408 

Susanne Holmlund
+358 (0)50 4073798

MSOffice, formatting

Helsinki and Vaasa
Vilhelm Lönnberg
+358(0)50 5930710