Formatting and reference guides

Here you find information about Hanken's referencing and formatting guides.

Formatting guide

Hanken uses a formatting guide (Libguide) when it comes to academic papers and thesis.

The formatting guide, even if it uses Microsoft Word as its template, gives a general conception on how writing programs work and this skill can be applied also to other writing programs. The formatting guide instructs you how to put your dissertations and other academic assignments in Hanken standard format. The guide also helps you use specific functions of Word programs.

Reference guides

Hanken reference guide Opens in new window is intended for students writing theses and other written assignments at Hanken. The guide follows the APA 7  system for reference technique.

See this Libguide Opens in new window for information about referencing management software.

Down the page under Referencing Tools, you find links to APA 7, Harvard and Oxford reference guides and information on training sessions in Zotero. There are also instructions on how to recognize and avoid plagiarism.

Which referencing style should I use?

The APA 7 style (and Harvard) are the most commonly used referencing styles at Hanken, but at some departments the Oxford style is preferred. Whether unsure, ask your teacher or supervisor which style you should use. The guides and tutorials on this page will help you get the referencing right.

Reference Management Software

By using a reference management software, you can create your own database and get the list of references as output. Hanken's library supports the use of Zotero. If you need help with referencing or Zotero, join a training session Opens in new window , contact the library through or book your personal appointment through the library's booking calendar Opens in new window .

Reference guides

Harvard system Opens in new window Anglia Ruskin University
The Harvard system of referencing Opens in new window De Montfort University

APA-style Opens in new window American Psychological Association

Oxford system Opens in new window Oxford University



Hanken's action plan against academic dishonesty Opens in new window

Avoid plagiarism - test your referencing skills by using the tutorials below:

Refero - an anti-plagiarism tutorial Opens in new window Blekinge Institute of Technology Library and Linnaeus University Library
Stop plagiarism Opens in new window The University of Southern Denmark


Sarah Hagström
+358 (0)40 3521408

Susanne Holmlund
+358 (0)50 4073798

MSOffice, formatting

Helsinki and Vaasa
Vilhelm Lönnberg
+358(0)50 5930710