Doctoral Courses

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Doctoral Courses within the Degree

The Doctoral and Licentiate degrees include 60 credits of doctoral courses. These consist of:

  • doctoral courses comprising 44 credits in the major and related subjects
  • doctoral courses comprising 16 credits in general methodology, or doctoral courses in the theory of science, or equivalent courses of a methodological character

The courses that may be included in the required 60 credits in the major or related subjects are determined by the Degree Supervisor. Courses can be selected from those offered by Hanken or by other universities or by National Doctoral Programmes, such as KATAJA and KAVA (FDPE) in Finland or within the EIASM program abroad.

The courses do not have to be directly focused on the specific theme of the thesis. They may well be of a broader character within the major, or related to the area of research the student is active in. In some majors, all students will complete all or many of the same courses, regardless of the theme for their thesis. In this case, the philosophy behind the programme is to provide a deeper understanding of the discipline. The specialisation will then be carried out through the thesis. It is highly unlikely that a student within any major could find courses related to their thesis theme that would comprise a total of 44 credits.

The courses in general methodology and the theory of science are offered to all students, irrespective of their major. Such courses are offered by Hanken and other universities or by National Doctoral Programmes, such as KATAJA and KAVA (FDPE). Courses may also be completed abroad.

Once students have completed 60 credits according to the above requirements, they are permitted to take additional courses. These courses do not have to be approved by the degree supervisor nor be registered at Hanken's Office for study affairs as "extra" studies. Students should retain their diplomas or certificates and the extra courses completed can be added to their CVs. Note that if there is a limit on the number of participants in a course, preference will be given to those students who actually need that course for their degree.

Doctoral courses expire ten years after their completion, unless the degree has been completed within that time period. See more information about expired courses below.

Transfer of credits completed at other universities

See information about Transfer of Credits.

Expiration of completed courses

Doctoral courses expire ten years after their completion, unless the degree has been completed within that time period. Expired courses must be updated before they can be used as part of a Doctoral Degree. Fill in the form for updating an expired course, ask your degree supervisor if the course can be updated and hand in the application form (signed by the degree supervisor) to the Service Point in Helsinki or to the Office of Study Affairs in Vaasa.

Non-credit courses and other non-credit activities

In addition to courses that are included in the degree, doctoral students are expected to take part also in other activities in order to deepen their knowledge of research and the discipline, and in order to get feedback on their thesis project. Such activities include conferences, short seminars, tutorials and workshops. The degree supervisor is the person who decides which of these activities can be credit-bearing. An event that only requires a student's presence and the presentation of a research paper will not provide credits, but the experience will useful. Contacts with others in the same field will also be useful and might provide valuable help in writing the thesis.

Professional development courses will not provide credits for the degree. For instance, a course in pedagogics to enhance a student's teaching skills cannot be regarded as a part of the doctoral degree. On the other hand, the experience from such a course will most probably be very valuable to you professionally. Such courses should be added to the student's CV.

Courses and degrees completed before admission to doctoral studies, and which have been regarded as meeting eligibility requirements for undertaking doctoral studies at Hanken cannot be included in either doctoral or licentiate degrees.

Credits will not be awarded for the licentiate seminar, practical work experience or language courses.